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Country factsheets / Simple filter query

 

ALBANIA

Policy and Legislation

Albania has  not yet a policy for Geographical Indications. The department of Production Policy of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection plans to undertake studies in the area of production of geographical indications and traditional food products in Albania.

Committee of Science and Technology Order, No. 5, of December 5, 1994, Regulations to Complete, File, Review Applications for Registration of Appellation of Origin, Assignment of Rights to Use Registered Appellations of Origin of Goods

These regulations list the requirements used in respect of applications for registration of appellations of origin in terms of their completion, presentation and review, as well as the examination and registration procedure for appellations of origin and assignment of rights to use the registered appellations of origin of goods
(Source: http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/details.jsp?id=41)



ARMENIA

Policy and Legislation

Armenia has not yet a policy for Geographical Indications. The drafts of the corresponding legal acts are under discussion.


The Republic of Armenia Law on “Alcoholic beverages from grape” has been approved, in which the mechanisms of GI process for wine and grape vodka, as well as requirements for grape cultivation and processing are stipulated. The mentioned provisions of this Law will enter into force on 1 January, 2015 and till this period the secondary legislative acts will be approved for application of these provisions.



AUSTRIA

Policy and Legislation

»    EU Policy and Legislation

•    Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 of 20 March 2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs
http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/agriculture/food/l66044_en.htm

•    Council regulation (EC) No 509/2006 of 20 March 2006 on agricultural products and foodstuffs as traditional specialities guaranteed
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2006:093:0001:0011:EN:PDF



AZERBAIJAN

Policy and Legislation

http://www.wipo.int/about-ip/en/ipworldwide/pdf/az.pdf



BELARUS

Policy and Legislation

http://www.wipo.int/about-ip/en/ipworldwide/pdf/by.pdf



BELGIUM

Policy and Legislation

Note: In Belgium, agriculture is a regional responsibility. The information provided on this webpage is only applicable to Flanders.

National legislation

In Flanders national procedure is defined according to the EC (nr) 509/2006 and 510/2006: registration of product as PDO, PGI or TSG. There is no national Flemish policy concerning the protection of GI’s in Flanders.

Decision of the Flemish Government of 19 October 2007 lays down the rules for the national procedure, as defined in EC (nr) 509/2006 and 510/2006.
MONITEUR BELGE Ð 07.11.2007 Ð BELGISCH STAATSBLAD
(Attachment 1)

Two ministerial decrees of 7 March 2008, specifying the details of the national procedure.
BELGISCH STAATSBLAD Ð 25.03.2008 Ð MONITEUR BELGE
(Attachement 2)

BELGISCH STAATSBLAD Ð 25.03.2008 Ð MONITEUR BELGE
(Attachement 3)?



BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

Policy and Legislation

Food Safety Agency has prepared a Rulebook on the Indications of Origin and Designation of Geographic Origin of Food (Protected Designation of Origin and Protected Geographical Indication). Rulebook is harmonized with EU Regulation 2006/510/EC; 2006/1898/EC.
The Rulebook prescribes the procedure for the registration of indications of origin and indication of geographical origin of food, content, form and manner of keeping the Register of indications of origin and Register of designation of geographical origin of food products and a system of compliance determination. The Rulebook applies to all food, except for natural mineral and spring water, spirits, wines, fruit wines and other products of grapes and wine, except for wine vinegar. Protection of origin indications or the recognition of these products is regulated by special regulations relating to wine, spirits and natural mineral and spring water.


The Rulebook defines that:
-    the procedure for registration is initiated by submitting a request to the BiH Food Safety Agency;
-    the procedure is carried out by the Commission appointed by BiH Council of Ministers on the proposal of the BiH Food Safety Agency, in cooperation with the competent authorities of Entities and Brcko District of BiH;
-    the request may require registration of only one indication of originality or designation of geographical origin;
-    the content of the request is published in BiH Official Gazette;
-    a reasoned objection to the request for registration published may be submitted within six months of publication of the request in the BiH Official Gazette;
-    based on the procedure for registration completed and the proposal of the Commission, the Food Safety Agency issues a decision on registration of indication of originality or designation of geographical origin of food product;
-    the registered indication of originality or designation of geographical origin is published in Official Gazette and on the website of the Food Safety Agency;
-    the procedure for registration of new users of registered indication is defined;
-    certificates of compliance of the production, processing and the itself  with the specification are issued and control is performed by authorized certification authority;
-    the certification authority is vested with such authorization on the proposal of the Food Safety Agency made on the basis of the open competition procedure carried out by the Council of Ministers;
-    a list of authorized certification authorities is published in Official Gazette and the Food Safety Agency supervises their work.

In order for the registration procedure to be as clear as possible the BiH Food Safety Agency will develop a guide for the registration of indications of originality and indications of geographical origin of food that will give the necessary information about the registration procedure in a simple and acceptable way. Designing the Guide is in progress.

Rulebook on traditional food reputation labels is harmonized with EU Directive 509/2006/EC; Regulation 1216/2007/EC. The Rulebook shall regulate the following: requirements and procedure for recognising specific qualities of food that are required for “traditional food reputation” labelling, the content of food product specification, the content of the Food Products Register for products bearing traditional food reputation labels, harmonisation compliance check and control system.

Rulebook on the Indications of Origin and Designation of Geographic Origin and Rulebook on traditional food reputation labels are is process to be published in Official gazette of Bosnia and Herzegovina.



BULGARIA

Policy and Legislation

Law and Date of Enactment
Law on Marks and Geographical Indications
(Text published in State Gazette (SG) No. 81/1999, of September 14, 1999)
www.wipo.int/clea/en/text_html.jsp?lang=EN&id=451
http://www.wipo.int/clea/docs_new/pdf/en/bg/bg028en.pdf

Main Objectives Relating to GIs and AOC
Art. 1 provides that the law “governs the conditions and procedures for the registration
of marks and geographical indications, the rights arising therefrom and the protection of
those rights.” The law provides for a state “Register of Geographical Indications”
(Art.6).

Comments: According to Art. 53, there is no chance that registered geographical indications can become generic names as long as they enjoy are protected under the law.
Registration carried out under the Lisbon Agreement are recognized in Bulgaria (Art. 71).

AOC – Appellation d’origine controlee



CROATIA (Hrvatska)

Policy and Legislation

Law and Date of Enactment
Act on Geographical Indications and Designations of Origin of Products and
Services, Law No. NN173/2003 (in force from 1.1.2004)
http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/details.jsp?id=5554

Main Objectives Relating to GIs and AOC

Protection: The law regulates the manner of acquisition, the system of protection and the exercise of
the right to use a geographical indication and a designation of origin of products and services.

Comments: This law is among the few that cover GIs and AOs in both goods and services. The definitions are very much in keeping with those found in TRIPs (Arts. 2 and 3). Protection is granted through a recognized system of registration (Art. 12).



CYPRUS

Policy and Legislation

»    EU Legislation
•    Community Regulation (EC) nr. 510/2006 (Link: http://eur-lex.europa.eu)

»    National legislation
•    National Law 139(I)/2006 (Link: http://www.moa.gov.cy/moa/da/da.nsf)
•    Lawful Administrative Action 250/2007 (Link: http://www.moa.gov.cy/moa/da/da.nsf)

•    Geographical Indications (Trade Descriptions), Law (Consolidation), 1987 (1992), No. 5 (No. 3)
    http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/details.jsp?id=924
    Text: http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/text_pdf.jsp?lang=EN&id=924

•    Marks (Cap. 268), Law (Consolidation), 1962 (1990), No. 63 (No. 206)
    http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/details.jsp?id=921
    Text: http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/text_pdf.jsp?lang=EN&id=921



CZECH REPUBLIC

Policy and Legislation

»    National legislation

Act No. 452 of 29 November 2001 on the Protection of Designations of Origin and Geographical Indications and on the Amendment to the Act on the Consumer Protection
http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/details.jsp?id=966

Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture No. 243/2002 Coll., implementing Act No. 452/2001 Coll. on the Protection of Designations of Origin and Geographical Indications and on the Amendment to the Act on the Consumer Protection
http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/details.jsp?id=967
Text: http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/text_html.jsp?lang=EN&id=967


»    EU legislation

•    Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 of 20 March 2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs
http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/agriculture/food/l66044_en.htm

•    Council Regulation (EC) No 509/2006 of 20 March 2006 on agricultural products and foodstuffs as traditional specialities guaranteed
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2006:093:0001:0011:EN:PDF

»    International legislation

•    Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights – TRIPS Agreement
http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/trips_e/t_agm0_e.htm

•    Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration
http://www.wipo.int/lisbon/en/legal_texts/lisbon_agreement.htm



ESTONIA

Policy and Legislation

In Estonia there is a national scheme for GIs, which covers natural, agricultural, handicraft or industrial goods, and services except agricultural products and food products already protected under the Council Regulation (EC) No. 510/2006. The national scheme is regulated by Geographical Indication Protection Act of 05.12.1999:
https:// www.riigiteataja.ee/ert/act.jsp?id=12766120

Geographical Indications Protection Act of December 15, 1999
http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/details.jsp?id=1298
Text in English: http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/text_pdf.jsp?lang=EN&id=1298



EUROPEAN UNION

Policy and Legislation

EU agricultural product quality policy
http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/quality/policy/

Agriculture and Rural Development: Specific EU quality schemes - guaranteeing quality http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/quality/

Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) and Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) for
Agricultural Farm Products and Foodstuffs http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/quality/schemes/index_en.htm

- COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 510/2006, of 20 March 2006, “on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs”
(http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CONSLEG:2006R0510:20070101:EN:PDF)

- Implementing regulation (1898/2006): COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1898/2006 of 14 December 2006 laying down detailed rules of implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs
(http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CONSLEG:2006R1898:20080710:EN:PDF)

- Annexes to the implementing regulation – documents available in                    

- Amending regulation (417/2008) adding cotton and salt to the list of eligible products: Commission Regulation (EC) No 417/2008 of 8 May 2008 amending Annexes I and II to Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs
    http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32008R0417:EN:NOT

- Amending regulation (628/2008)


Commission Regulation (EC) No 628/2008 of 2 July 2008 amending Regulation (EC) No 1898/2006 laying down detailed rules of implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32008R0628:EN:NOT

- Wines and spirits
http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/markets/wine/index_en.htm

Council Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 of 22 October 2007 establishing a common organisation of agricultural markets and on specific provisions for certain agricultural products (Single CMO Regulation)

- Traditional Speciality Guaranteed (TSG) for
http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/quality/schemes/index_en.htm

Council Regulation (EC) No 509/2006 of 20 March 2006 on agricultural products and foodstuffs as traditional specialities guaranteed
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32006R0509:EN:NOT
Implementing regulation: Commission Regulation (EC) No 1216/2007 of 18 October 2007 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 509/2006 on agricultural products and foodstuffs as traditional specialities guaranteed
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32007R1216:EN:NOT

- Organic farming – see the "Good for nature, good for you" campaign



FINLAND

Policy and Legislation

»    EU policy and legislation:
http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/quality/policy/index_en.htm
http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/quality/leg/index_en.htm
Council Regulations No 510/2006 and 509/2006 and Commission Regulations No 1898/2006 and No 1216/2007 are applicable in Finland, as EU country

»    National legislation:
Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry No 907/2007 on the protection of the names for agricultural products and foodstuffs:
http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/alkup/2007/20070907



FYR MACEDONIA

Policy and Legislation

http://www.wipo.int/about-ip/en/ipworldwide/pdf/mk.pdf



GEORGIA

Policy and Legislation

Law on Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications of Goods, 22/06/1999
On 22nd of June 1999 the Law of Georgia on Appellations of Origin and Geographical indications of Goods came into effect. The Law regulates the issues of registration, protection and usage of the traditional goods (services) of origin and geographical indications.
http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/text_html.jsp?lang=EN&id=1764
http://www.wipo.int/about-ip/en/ipworldwide/pdf/ge.pdf
http://www.wipo.int/pct/guide/en/gdvol2/annexes/ge.pdf
http://www.sakpatenti.org.ge/index.php?lang_id=ENG&sec_id=39

Appelation of origin
Under the Law of Georgia "On Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications of Goods”, the basis for the protection of appellations of origin and geographical indications in Georgia is their registration at Sakpatenti or an interstate agreement. This law in fact came into effect in 2005, along with this, its application became possible only with respect to wines, spirits and mineral waters, as the subordinate legislation adopted in 2003 by the Ministry of Agriculture and Foodstuffs and being in force by this period provided only for the study and determination of the link of characteristics of wines, wine brandies and mineral waters with the geographical place, specification of the borders of a geographical place, registration of relevant appellations of origin and control of their use.



GERMANY (Deutschland)

Policy and Legislation

Gesetz zur Durchführung der Rechtsakte der Europäischen Gemeinschaft über Bescheinigungen besonderer Merkmale von Agrarerzeugnissen und Lebensmitteln
(Lebensmittelspezialitätengesetz - LSpG) 29.10.1993
(Attachment 1)

Verordnung zur Durchführung des Lebensmittelspezialitätengesetzes (Lebensmittelspezialitätenverordnung - LSpV) 21.12.1993
(Attachment 2)

Abschnitt 2. Schutz von geographischen Angaben und Ursprungsbezeichnungen gemaβ der Verordnung (EC) Nr. 510/2006, §§130-139
(Attachment 3)



GREECE

Policy and Legislation

»    EU legislation

COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 510/2006, of 20 March 2006, “on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs”
(http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CONSLEG:2006R0510:20070101:EN:PDF)

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1898/2006 of 14 December 2006 laying down detailed rules of implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs
(http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CONSLEG:2006R1898:20080710:EN:PDF)

»    National legislation

Joint Ministerial Decision number 261611/7-3-2007 (National Government Journal no 406 B/2007) laying down complementary measures on the above mentioned regulations.
(http://www.minagric.gr/greek/data/FEK406.pdf)

Amendments of 261611/7-3-2007 Joint Ministerial Decision (
- number 290398 (National Government Journal no. 694 Β /21-04-2008)
(http://www.minagric.gr/greek/data/ΤΡΟΠΟΠΟΙΗΣΗ_ΚΥΑ%20261611.pdf)
- number 318764 (National Government Journal no 1683 Β /21-08-2008)
(http://www.minagric.gr/greek/data/20080201683.pdf)



HUNGARY

Policy and Legislation

 

  • National legislation
 
Act No. XI of 1997 on the protection of trademarks and geographical indications (Chapter XVII/A.) – formulated by the Hungarian Patent Office (HPO)
1997. évi XI. törvény a védjegyek és földrajzi árujelzők oltalmáról
http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/details.jsp?id=2203
Text: http://www.mszh.hu/English/jogforras/Trademark_Act_EN.pdf
 

Government Decree No. 178/2009. (IX. 3.) on the procedure for the Community protection of designations of origin and geographical indications of wine products as well as the inspection of these products

178/2009. (IX. 4.) Korm. rendelet a borászati termékek eredetmegjelöléseinek és földrajzi jelzéseinek közösségi oltalmára irányuló eljárásról, valamint ezen termékek ellenőrzéséről

Government Decree 158/2009 on the proceeding of the protection and control of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs and spirit drinks – formulated by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) and the Ministry of Justice
158/2009. (VII. 30.) Korm. rendelet a mezőgazdasági termékek és az élelmiszerek, valamint a szeszes italok földrajzi árujelzőinek oltalmára irányuló eljárásról és a termékek ellenőrzéséről

Ministerial Decree 15/2008 on the approval and control of agricultural products and foodstuffs as traditional specialities guaranteed – formulated by the MARD
15/2008. (II. 15.) FVM rendelet a hagyományos különleges termékeknek minősülő mezőgazdasági termékek és élelmiszerek elismerésének és ellenőrzésének rendjéről

(Decree of the Government No. 87/1998 was repealed.)

The above-referred regulations are available also on the website of the Hungarian Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (http://www.fvm.hu/main.php?folderID=1929)and of the Hungarian Patent Office (http://www.mszh.hu/English/jogforras/jogforras_faru/index.html)

Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 of 20 March 2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1898/2006 of 14 December 2006 laying down detailed rules of implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs

Regulation (EC) No 110/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2008 on the definition, description, presentation, labelling and the protection of geographical indications of spirit drinks and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 1576/89

Council Regulation (EC) No 479/2008 of 29 April 2008 on the common organisation of the market in wine, amending Regulations (EC) No 1493/1999, (EC) No 1782/2003, (EC) No 1290/2005, (EC) No 3/2008 and repealing Regulations (EEC) No 2392/86 and (EC) No 1493/1999

Commission Regulation (EC) No 114/2009 of 6 February 2009 laying down transitional measures for the application of Council Regulation (EC) No 479/2008 as regards the references to wines with a protected designation of origin and a protected geographical indication 

Council Regulation (EC) No. 491/2009 of 25 May 2009, establishing a common organisation of agricultural markets and on specific provisions for certain agricultural products (Single CMO Regulation), including provisions on geographical indications for wines.

Council Regulation (EC) No 509/2006 of 20 March 2006 on agricultural products and foodstuffs as traditional specialities guaranteed

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1216/2007 of 18 October 2007 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 509/2006 of 20 March 2006 on agricultural products and foodstuffs as traditional specialities guaranteed

  • Inernational laws and regulations

Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration
(Promulgated by the Law Decree No. 1/1982 - Hungarian only:http://www.mszh.hu/jogforras/1982_1_tvr_LisszaboniM.pdf)

Regulation under the Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration
(Promulgated by the Decree No. 5/2005. (III. 11.) IM - Hungarian only:http://www.mszh.hu/jogforras/5_2005_IMr_LisszaboniVSZ.pdf)

 



IRELAND

Policy and Legislation

 »    EU legislation

Ireland operates within the European system, which is administered under the following European Council Regulations:
–    Council Regulation (EC) No. 510/2006 of 20 March 2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs.
–    Council Regulation (EC) No. 509/2006 of 20 March 2006 on agricultural products and foodstuffs as traditional specialities guaranteed
–    Council Regulation (EC) No. 110/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2008 on the definition, description, presentation, labelling and the protection of geographical indications of spirit drinks and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 1576/89
http://www.agriculture.gov.ie/agri-foodindustry/promotionmarketing/schemeforprotectionofagriculturalproductnames/

»    National legislation

EU legislation is binding across the Member States. Enforcement Regulations are in place.
European Communities (Definition, Description and Presentation of Spirit Drinks) Regulations, 1995 (S.I. No. 300 of 1995), adopted on 16 November 1995
http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/details.jsp?id=2336

Irish Whiskey is also protected under the Irish Whiskey Act 1980.
Irish Cream is manufactured in accordance with NSAI IS 416: 1992
http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/1980/en/act/pub/0033/index.html



ITALY

Policy and Legislation

»    National legislation

Italy has got a policy for Geographical Indications and traditional food products in the context of the European Community policy on agricultural products:

Rules about Geographical Indications in the Industrial Property Code – Legislative Decree No. 30, 10 February 2005.

With regard to traditional products, rules are set in Decree of the Ministry of Agricultural and Food Policies: decreto ministeriale n. 350, 8 September 1999.

 

»    EU legislation

At the European Community Level, the relevant legal provisions are:

Council Regulation (EC) No. 510/2006 of 20 March 2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designation of origin for agricultural products and foodstaffs, related PDO and PGI other than wines and spirits.

Regulation (EC) No. 110/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2008 on the definition, description, presentation, labelling and the protection of geographical indications of spirit drinks and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No. 1576/89.

Council Regulation (EC) No. 491/2009 of 25 May 2009, establishing a common organisation of agricultural markets and on specific provisions for certain agricultural products (Single CMO Regulation), including provisions on geographical indications for wines.

In the context of the European quality policy, the Commission decided to launch a reflection getting the opinion of stakeholders. For that reason, the Commission released, on 15 October 2008, a Green Paper asking open questions on the different issues related to quality. Then, a Communication was published on 28 May 2009
(http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/quality/policy/index_en.htm)



KAZAKHSTAN

Policy and Legislation

http://www.wipo.int/about-ip/en/ipworldwide/pdf/kz.pdf



KYRGYZSTAN

Policy and Legislation

http://www.wipo.int/about-ip/en/ipworldwide/pdf/kg.pdf



LATVIA

Policy and Legislation

Latvia has national regulation acts regarding PGI, PDO and TSG:

Main Objectives Relating to GIs and AOC
Sections 1 and 2 provide that the Law regulates trademark registration and use, and geographical indications in (Chapter IX). It also provides for collective marks (Chapter VII).
Comments: The law is basically a Trademarks law, most of the provisions in the law deal with trademarks. Regarding the protection of GIs, the law has its basis in unfair competition (Section 43). GIs do not require registration for them to gain protection (Section 40).
http://www.lrpv.lv/index.php?lang=EN&id=26&topic=139&topic=139

2. The Regulation of the Cabinet of Ministers No 126 (10 February 2009) on procedure for registration and protection of geographical indications of agricultural products and foodstuffs.

3. The Regulation of the Cabinet of Ministers establishes registration procedures for PGI, PDO and TSG and implements the derogations provided in EU regulations: 509/2006, 510/2006, 110/2008, 1216/2007, 1898/2007.
 
Due to economical constraints the Regulation of the Cabinet of Ministers is not translated into English language.



LITHUANIA

Policy and Legislation

http://www.wipo.int/about-ip/en/ipworldwide/pdf/lt.pdf



MALTA

Policy and Legislation

The legislation concerned:
Legal Notice 182 of 2004 “The Geographical Indications and Designations Regulations” ;
Legal Notice 183 of 2004 “Certificates of Specific Character Regulations”    
http://www.msa.org.mt/rad/foodstuffs/index.htm#QP



NORWAY

Policy and Legislation

The Norwegian system is similar to the EU Regulation No 509/2006 and 510/2006. The regulation was carried into effect July 5th, 2002 (fish and seafood from October 2003)
http://www.lovdata.no

http://www.lovdata.no/cgi-wift/wiftldes?doc=/usr/www/lovdata/for/sf/fi/ti-20020705-0698-002.html&emne=beskyttede*%20betegnels*&



ROMANIA

Policy and Legislation

Romania has a policy for Geographic Indications and traditional food products. Information can be retrieved on the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development website
http://www.mapam.ro/pages/page.php?self=01⊂=0103

Law on Trade Marks and Geographical Indications (No. 84 of April 15, 1998)
http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/details.jsp?id=3585
Text: http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/text_html.jsp?lang=EN&id=3585



RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Policy and Legislation

http://www.wipo.int/about-ip/en/ipworldwide/pdf/ru.pdf



SERBIA (Republic of Serbia)

Policy and Legislation

The Law on Geographic Indications (Official Gazette SCG 20/2006) replaces the Law that has been adopted in 1995 and which allowed the implementation of a PDO/PGI system similar to the European model but lacked, in its application, several fundamental principles such as the collective character of the PDO/PGI, the certification and controlling procedures.

The current situation:
Draft Law on GI – public discussion
Major news in relation to the existing legal framework are:
• Authorized users can only be manufacturers or processors, or their associations;
• Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water management (MAFWM) will be responsible for the setting-up processes of control and certification of agricultural and foodstuff products with Geographic Indication – must ensure adequate control, which would be the same as controls at the EU level. Bodies that exercise control must ensure objectivity and impartiality in relation to all producers or processors who are subject to their control;
• MAFWM will be responsible for setting up a national system of labelling agricultural and foodstuff products with Geographic Indication (also by Food Safety Law is given a legal basis to the MAFWM to realize this activity;
• This law will provide a higher level transparency of the whole application procedure.



SLOVAKIA (Slovak Republic)

Policy and Legislation

Slovakia has a policy for the Geographical Indications and traditional food products. Currently the Ministry of Agriculture is preparing a new concept of Policy Quality which is focused on consumer as well as on producers.

»    EU Legislation on the Policy Quality for all Member States
 
• Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 of 20 March 2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs
• Commission Regulation (EC) No 1898/2006 of 14 December 2006 laying down detailed rules of implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs
• Council Regulation (EC) No 509/2006 of 20 March 2006 on agricultural products and foodstuffs as traditional specialties guaranteed
• Commission Regulation (EC) No 1216/2007 of 18 October 2007 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 509/2006 on agricultural products and foodstuffs as traditional specialties guaranteed

»   National legislation

Act No 195 Of March 20th, 2007, Amending and Supplementing the Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No. 152/1995 Coll. On Foodstuffs, as subsequently amended.

Act No. 469/2003 Coll. of 28 October 2003 on Designations of Origin for Products and Geographical Indications for Products and on Amendment of Some Acts, as amended by Act No. 84/2007 Coll. and Act No. 279/2007 Coll.
http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/details.jsp?id=5189
Text: http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/text_pdf.jsp?lang=EN&id=5189



SWEDEN

Policy and Legislation

Sweden has a policy on Geographic Indications and traditional food products according to the EC nr. 509/2006 and EC nr. 510/2006.



SWITZERLAND (Confederation of Helvetia)

Policy and Legislation

Switzerland has a policy for Geographical Indications, but not a policy for Traditional Food Products.

•    Federal Law on Agriculture (Articles 14-16 on Designations):
http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/910_1/index.html (German)
http://www.admin.ch/ch/f/rs/910_1/index.html  (French)

•    Ordinance on Designations of Origin (GUB/AOP) and on Geographical Indications (GGA/IGP)

FR : Ordonnance du 28 mai 1997 concernant la protection des appellations d’origine et des indications géographiques des produits agricoles et des produits agricoles transformés (Ordonnance sur les AOP et les IGP)
http://www.admin.ch/ch/f/rs/c910_12.html (French)

D: Verordnung vom 28. Mai 1997 über den Schutz von Ursprungsbezeichnungen und geographischen Angaben für landwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse und verarbeitete landwirtschaftliche Erzeugnisse (GUB/GGA-Verordnung)
http://www.admin.ch/ch/d/sr/c910_12.html (German)



TAJIKISTAN

Policy and Legislation

http://www.wipo.int/about-ip/en/ipworldwide/pdf/tj.pdf



TURKEY

Policy and Legislation

Decree-Law No. 555 Pertaining to the Protection of Geographical Signs in Force ds from 27 June 1995. 
http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/details.jsp?id=3855
Text: http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/text_html.jsp?lang=EN&id=3855

Implementing Regulations under the Decree-Law No. 555 pertaining to the Protection of Geographical Signs of November 5, 1995
http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/details.jsp?id=3856
Text: http://www.wipo.int/clea/en/text_html.jsp?lang=EN&id=3856



TURKMENISTAN

Policy and Legislation

http://www.wipo.int/about-ip/en/ipworldwide/pdf/tm.pdf